Laparoscopic surgery also cited as minimally invasive surgery is one of the key advances in medical surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is a modern way of surgery that engages the use of laparoscope (a thin fiber optic tube) that has a small video camera attached on its edge. In this form of surgery, small incisions of 0.5-1cm (known as port) are made. The laparoscope is inserted through this small incision mostly in the navel, and guided to the problem area. The surgeon then inserts tiny surgical instruments through other small incisions (ports) to perform the procedure.
The video camera transfers an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a screen or monitor, surgeon cannot see precisely the part of the patient’s organ that he or she is performing operation on rather surgeon uses the image captured by the camera positioned inside the patient’s body to perform surgical operation. The camera in any laparoscopic surgery becomes the surgeon’s eye.
In open surgery,best doctors in Vijayawada has surgeons to make large incision to perform surgery, but in case of laparoscopic the size of the incisions are much smaller, as a result risk of bleeding is reduced to a considerable extent. This in turn reduces the chances of blood transfusion being needed to compensate for any blood loss. In laparoscopic surgery, the person feels less discomfort after the operation. In most cases the person who is been operated goes home the very next day of surgery. The operated person can resume his or her daily activities earlier than when seeking a open surgery.
In case of laparoscopy, significantly smaller scars are formed due to the smaller incision size. In most open surgery where large incision need to be made, the scar tissue that forms is more prone to infection. In some people, these scar tissue can cause pain, and in 1-3% of people, may lead to intestinal obstruction at some point in their lives.
Exposure of the internal organs to external contaminants is much less in laparoscopic surgery, therefore reducing the risk of post-operative infection. Laparoscopic surgeon in vijayawada sees the magnified images of the organ parts on the monitor. This gives the laparoscopic surgeon more detail about the tissues that might not be possible using traditional surgery.